Companies Act 2006 – PART 45

NORTHERN IRELAND

1705. Companies Acts since 1929 have extended to Great Britain only. But Northern Ireland
companies legislation has followed changes in GB companies legislation very closely. The
principal piece of current Northern Irish companies legislation, the Companies (Northern
Ireland) Order 1986, is effectively a copy of the 1985 Act, with only very minor
modifications to fit the Northern Irish context.

1706. Following public consultation, it was decided that the new Act should extend directly
to Northern Ireland, along with certain other closely related areas of law. Company law
would remain in formal terms a transferred matter, and a future Northern Ireland Assembly
could for example decide to enact separate Northern Ireland companies legislation if it
considered it desirable. In the meantime, companies in Northern Ireland would experience the
regulatory effects of new companies legislation at the same time as their GB counterparts.
The Act gives effect to these arrangements.

Section 1284: Extension of Companies Acts to Northern Ireland

1707. This section provides that the Companies Acts extend Northern Ireland. The
Companies Acts are defined in section 2 of the Act: in essence, they include the company law
provisions of this Act, the remaining provisions of the 1985 Act, and Part 2 of the C(AICE)
Act 2004 (which relates to community interest companies). Section 1284 also repeals the
principal pieces of separate Northern Ireland companies legislation The other (non-company
law) provisions of this Act extend to Northern Ireland by virtue of section 1299.

Sections 1285 to 1287: Extension of certain other GB enactments to Northern Ireland

1708. These sections similarly extend to Northern Ireland other GB legislation in various
areas related to company law, and repeal the separate Northern Ireland legislation in these
areas. This is the case in relation to:

• SEs (European Public Limited-Liability Companies);

• certain other forms of business organisation where the law is partly modelled on, and
closely relates to, company law; namely limited liability partnerships, limited
partnerships, open-ended investment companies, and European Economic Interest
Groupings; and

• business names.

PART 46: GENERAL SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS

Sections 1288 to 1292: Regulations and orders

1709. These sections provide how regulations and orders made under the Act are to be
made.

1710. Section 1288 provides that, unless the provision in the Act creating the power states
otherwise, all regulations and orders are to be made by statutory instrument.

1711. Most of the powers to make regulations or orders are exercisable by the Secretary of
State and are to be made by statutory instrument. The Act also confers powers on the registrar
of companies to make rules, which are not required to be made by statutory instrument
(section 1117(3) requires appropriate publicity). Other non-statutory instrument powers are
conferred on the Takeover Panel (see Part 28) and the Financial Services Authority (see Part
43, which inserts new sections into the FSMA).

1712. Virtually all the provisions of the Act conferring power to make regulations or orders
by statutory instrument specify one or other of the following three types of Parliamentary
procedure:

• negative resolution procedure (defined in section 1289): the statutory instrument
containing the regulations or order is laid before Parliament and must be revoked if
either House passes a resolution against it within 40 Parliamentary days. An
instrument subject to the negative procedure is normally laid at least 21 days before it
is to come into effect to ensure scrutiny of the instrument before its provisions come
into force;

• affirmative resolution procedure (defined in section 1290): the statutory instrument
containing the regulations or order is laid before Parliament in draft and can only be
made when approved by affirmative resolution in each House. This means that they
are always subject to debate in each House;

• approval after being made (defined in section 1291): the statutory instrument
containing the regulations or order is laid before Parliament after being made. It ceases
to have effect after 28 Parliamentary days unless it is approved by resolution of each
House during the 28 day period. Should the regulations or order cease to have effect at
the end of the 28 days, anything done under them during the period remains effective
and new regulations or a new order may be made.

1713. Section 1292(1) provides that regulations or orders may make different provision for
different cases or circumstances, may include supplementary, incidental and consequential
provision, and may make transitional provision and savings.

1714. Subsections (2) to (4) of section 1292 enable orders or regulations to be made
combining provisions in relation to which different procedural requirements apply. A power
to make regulations can be exercised by making an order, and a power to make an order can
be exercised by making regulations. Provisions subject to the affirmative resolution
procedure, provisions subject to the negative resolution procedure and provisions subject to
no Parliamentary procedure at all may be included in a single instrument, and subsections (3)
and (4) clarify which procedure applies when powers are combined.

Section 1293: Meaning of “enactment”

1715. This clause explains what the term “enactment” includes, when used in the Act, to
make it clear that it goes beyond the definition in the Interpretation Act 1978 (c.30). Unless
the context in which it is used dictates otherwise, “enactment” includes:

• an enactment contained in subordinate legislation within the meaning of the
Interpretation Act 1978 (c.30);

• an enactment contained in, or in an instrument made under, an Act of the Scottish
Parliament;

• an enactment contained in, or in an instrument made under, Northern Ireland
legislation within the meaning of the Interpretation Act 1978.

Section 1294: Power to make consequential amendments etc

1716. This section confers on the Secretary of State, and on the Treasury, order-making
powers to amend enactments in consequence of any provision in the Act. Such amendments
and repeals are additional to those made by any other provision of the Act. Orders under this
section are subject to the affirmative resolution procedure.

1717. Orders may be made to amend, repeal or revoke any enactment that is:

• passed or made before the passing of the Act;

• contained in the Act or in subordinate legislation made under it;

• passed or made before the end of Parliamentary session 2006-7.

1718. In particular, orders may make provision corresponding to that made in the Act in
relation to companies, and may extend provision to other forms of organisation. The
provisions of the Act may be applied with any adaptations or other modifications that appear
to be necessary or expedient.

Section 1295: Repeals

1719. This section introduces Schedule 16, the repeal Schedule. The repeals include, in
addition to purely consequential repeals, repeals of the restated provisions of the 1985 Act
and repeals of enactments that are no longer of practical utility.

1720. Schedule 16 repeals a number of Parts and/or sections of a number of pieces of
legislation, including most of the 1985 Act, most of the Companies Act 1989 and the whole
of the Business Names Act 1985.

Section 1296: Power to make transitional provision and savings

1721. This section gives the Secretary of State and the Treasury order-making powers to
make transitional provision and savings in connection with the commencement of any
provision made in the Act. Orders are subject to the negative resolution procedure.

Section 1297: Continuity of the law

1722. This section provides that things done under the provisions in the 1985 Act that are
repealed and replaced by the Act will continue to be legally effective. Similarly, references to
the repealed provisions in enactments, instruments or documents are to be construed as
including references to the corresponding new provision.

1723. Articles of association, company resolutions and contracts are all likely to refer to
provisions of the Companies Acts or to rely for their effect on the way in which those
provisions work. Except where a change is intended, those articles, resolutions and contracts
should continue to have effect, not only with old references converted into new but also with
their legal effect capable of continuing despite verbal differences between the old and the
new.

1724. The section applies automatically in all cases in which it is capable of applying. It is
in addition to any more specific transitional provisions, which may be included in
commencement orders by use of the power in section 1296.

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